Tag:Derivatives

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NFA Announces Effective Date for New Compliance Rule 2-52 and Related Guidance Re: Member Questionnaire
2
Three Things to Know About Cboe’s ETF Share Class Filing
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Kicked Out of the Club: NFA Orders Commodity Pool Operator Not to Reapply for NFA Membership
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Europe: Why Are Firms Currently Focusing on Derivatives Post Trade Reporting?
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CFTC Proposes Rule to Address Margin Adequacy and Treatment of Separate Accounts by FCMs
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CFTC Requests Comment on the Use of Artificial Intelligence in CFTC-Regulated Markets
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New Year, New CPO/CTA Exemption Affirmations and CPO FinCEN Requirements
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SEC Publishes Its 2024 Exam Priorities—Early
9
Amendments to the Names Rule
10
ICYMI: Integrity Council Launches Global Benchmark and Core Carbon Principles for Voluntary Carbon Markets

NFA Announces Effective Date for New Compliance Rule 2-52 and Related Guidance Re: Member Questionnaire

By: Clifford C. Histed, Cheryl L. Issac, Matthew J. Rogers, and Wiley F. Cole

On 20 May 2024, the National Futures Association (NFA) announced that its recently finalized Compliance Rule 2-52, related Interpretive Notice 9082 and amended Bylaw 301 will go into effect on 15 October 2024. NFA members will be required to submit their Member Questionnaire (formerly, the Annual Questionnaire) at least annually, and sometimes more frequently, as required by the NFA. If an NFA member’s business operations materially change rendering previously provided information inaccurate or incomplete, the NFA member will be required promptly to update its Member Questionnaire. While NFA members may use their discretion to determine what constitutes a material change, Interpretive Notice 9082 provides illustrative guidance on this point.

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Three Things to Know About Cboe’s ETF Share Class Filing

By: Stacy L. Fuller, Kevin R. Gustafson, Christine Mikhael and Crystal Liu

On 15 April 2024, Cboe BZX Exchange, Inc. (Cboe) filed an application pursuant to Rule 19b-4 under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended, with the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC), to amend its exchange-traded funds (ETFs) listing standards to permit ETF share classes issued by open-end investment companies that offer mutual fund share classes pursuant to any exemptive relief to be granted by the SEC.

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Kicked Out of the Club: NFA Orders Commodity Pool Operator Not to Reapply for NFA Membership

By: Matthew J. Rogers and Benjamin C. Skillin

On 10 April 2024, the National Futures Association’s (NFA) Business Conduct Committee (BCC) issued an order against 50.ai Investments LLC, a former NFA Member commodity pool operator and forex firm. The order stipulates that 50.ai Investments may not reapply for NFA membership or act as a principal of an NFA Member at any time in the future due to violating a suite of NFA compliance rules.

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Europe: Why Are Firms Currently Focusing on Derivatives Post Trade Reporting?

By: Ron Feldman and Philipp Riedl

Deficiencies in compliance with derivatives post trade reporting rules have recently triggered regulator fines. Fin-FSA in Finland fined a pension fund €90K and the Central Bank of Ireland imposed the first fine on an investment fund, €192K. Although the fines are reasonably modest, they have sharpened industry focus on this issue.

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CFTC Proposes Rule to Address Margin Adequacy and Treatment of Separate Accounts by FCMs

By: Matthew Rogers and Benjamin Skillin

On February 20, 2024, the CFTC approved a proposed rule that would apply a margin adequacy requirement to all futures commission merchants (FCMs), with respect to their customers. The new requirement—titled Regulation 1.44—is designed to ensure that an FCM does not permit a customer to withdraw funds from its account if the remaining balance would be insufficient to meet the customer’s initial margin requirements.

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CFTC Requests Comment on the Use of Artificial Intelligence in CFTC-Regulated Markets

By: Cheryl L. Isaac, Matthew J. Rogers, and Benjamin C. Skillin

On 25 January, 2024, multiple Divisions of the Commodity Futures Trading Commission (CFTC) issued a Request for Comment (RFC) on the use of Artificial Intelligence (AI) in CFTC-regulated derivatives markets. The RFC seeks information on the current and potential uses of AI as well as the risks associated with using it. The RFC is intended to complement the Biden Administration’s Executive Order urging federal agencies to promote the safe, secure, and trustworthy development of AI. The CFTC staff views the RFC as an opportunity to “identify the highest priorities and return-on-investment projects with AI use cases” and enhance the CFTC’s data-driven approach to policy, surveillance, and enforcement.

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New Year, New CPO/CTA Exemption Affirmations and CPO FinCEN Requirements

By: Clifford C. Histed, Kenneth Holston, Cheryl L. Isaac, and Matthew J. Rogers

Happy New Year! As we kick off 2024, we note that the National Futures Association (NFA) published its annual Notice to Members with guidance on the annual affirmation requirement for certain exempt commodity pool operators (CPOs) and commodity trading advisors (CTAs). If you rely on an exemption or exclusion from CPO registration under CFTC Regulation 4.13(a)(1), 4.13(a)(2), 4.13(a)(3), 4.13(a)(5) or 4.5, or an exemption from CTA registration under 4.14(a)(8), you must file an annual affirmation in the NFA’s Exemptions System by 29 February 2024, and a multi-factor authentication is now required for access. Failure to make this affirmation will result in your registration exemption being withdrawn on 1 March 2024.

In addition, the NFA also issued a Notice to Members regarding the Financial Crimes Enforcement Network (FinCEN) final rule implementing the Corporate Transparency Act beneficial ownership information (BOI) reporting requirements. Although CFTC-registered entities (including CPOs and CTAs) are exempt from these requirements (see 31 U.S.C. §5336(a)(11)(B)(xiv)), certain pooled investment vehicles will be required to comply. Commodity pools that are operated or advised by an SEC-registered broker-dealer or investment adviser are generally exempt, but a limited number of other commodity pools will be subject to the new rule.

Accordingly, CPOs with non-exempt commodity pools will need to file BOI reports with FinCEN, including identifying information about individuals who directly or indirectly own or control the commodity pool. FinCEN recently extended the BOI reporting deadline for certain reporting companies, with the relevant compliance dates as follows:

  • Commodity pools created or registered before 1 January 2024: file BOI reports by 1 January 2025.
  • Commodity pools created or registered in 2024: file BOI reports within 90 calendar days after registration is effective.
  • Commodity pools created or registered on or after 1 January 2025: file BOI reports within 30 calendar days after registration is effective.

For commodity pools created or registered after 1 January 2024, a CPO will also need to report information about the “company applicants,” meaning the individual or individuals who directly file the document that creates or registers the commodity pool.

Please feel free to contact the authors of this blog post with any questions.

SEC Publishes Its 2024 Exam Priorities—Early

By: Jennifer Klass and Wiley Cole

On 16 October 2023, the Division of Examinations (the Division) of the US Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) released its examination priorities for the 2024 fiscal year. In an interesting twist, the SEC released the examination priorities early, changing the timing to correspond to the beginning of its new fiscal year.

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Amendments to the Names Rule

By: Abigail Hemnes, George Zornada, Franklin Na, Donela M. Qirjazi and Christine Mikhael

On 20 September 2023, the SEC adopted amendments to the Names Rule (35d-1) that will significantly expand the Names Rule’s applicability and will require all funds to consider whether changes are required to their names, 80% policies, disclosures, compliance tests, and reporting requirements.

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ICYMI: Integrity Council Launches Global Benchmark and Core Carbon Principles for Voluntary Carbon Markets

By: Cheryl Isaac and Christine Mikhael

In case you missed it: late last month, the Integrity Council for the Voluntary Carbon Market (“ICVCM”) launched its Core Carbon Principles (CCPs) and Program-level Assessment Framework (Framework). With the publication of these new standards (developed with the input of hundreds of stakeholders in the voluntary carbon markets), we now have a set of fundamental principles for high-quality credits that create a verifiable climate impact, and a framework for determining whether carbon credit programs are eligible to label themselves as being in compliance with the CCPs.

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