Global Investment Law Watch

Exploring the legal and regulatory issues affecting the worldwide asset management community.

 

1
Deciphering Derivatives Transaction Reporting
2
Next Regulator Up: Treasury Department Explores AI in the Financial Sector
3
5th Circuit Vacates the Private Fund Adviser Rules in Full
4
Europe: The Central Bank of Ireland Continues to Focus on Financial Stability
5
The Central Bank of Ireland Introduces Macroprudential Measures to Irish-Authorised GBP-Denominated Liability Driven Investment Funds
6
AML Reforms Part 2: Digital Currency Service Providers
7
NFA Announces Effective Date for New Compliance Rule 2-52 and Related Guidance Re: Member Questionnaire
8
SEC Adopts Enhanced Privacy Safeguards
9
Europe: UK FCA’s Anti-Greenwashing Rule and Guidance Come Into Force on 31 May 2024
10
Go Ahead and Take a CIP: SEC and Treasury Department Propose New Regulations for Investment Advisors

Deciphering Derivatives Transaction Reporting

By: Jim Bulling and Simon Kiburg

On 21 October 2024 the new ASIC Derivative Transaction Rules (Reporting) 2024 (2024 Rules) will come into effect replacing the current ASIC Derivative Transaction Rules (Reporting) 2022 (2022 Rules). In this post we set out some of the major changes to the 2022 Rules and some of the issues market participants in this space should be aware of.

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Next Regulator Up: Treasury Department Explores AI in the Financial Sector

By: Matthew J. Rogers and Maxwell J. Black

On 6 June 2024, the Department of the Treasury (the Treasury) published a request for information on the use of artificial intelligence (AI) in the financial services sector, with the goal of gathering input from a wide range of stakeholders. This request follows soon after the Treasury’s report on AI and cybersecurity.

Like other US regulators, including the Commodity Futures Trading Commission (CFTC), the Treasury is interested in understanding the opportunities and risks posed by AI, including the potential impact on consumers, investors, financial institutions, and businesses. Specifically, the Treasury is seeking feedback on the definition of AI under President Biden’s Executive Order on Safe, Secure, and Trustworthy Development and Use of AI, the types of AI models and tools used by financial institutions, and the general accessibility of AI.

Of particular interest is the Treasury’s query regarding a potential “human capital shortage” in financial organizations. This concerns the scenario where companies utilize AI tools without sufficient employees that fully understand their mechanisms. Additionally, the request solicits perspectives on model risks, operational risks, compliance risks, and third-party risks, among others.

This request for information shows that the Treasury is looking to augment the efforts of the CFTC, Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC), and banking agencies, which have also requested similar AI-related information. It remains to be seen the extent to which federal agencies such as the Treasury coordinate their rulemaking processes and how any such rules will fit together.

5th Circuit Vacates the Private Fund Adviser Rules in Full

By: Pablo J. Man, TJ Bright, Kenneth Holston, Christopher W. Phillips-Hart, and Tristen C. Rodgers

Earlier today, 5 June 2024, the US Fifth Circuit Court fully vacated the Private Fund Adviser Rules (PFAR) in a unanimous and highly anticipated decision curbing the Securities and Exchange Commission’s authority to regulate private funds. Absent a successful appeal of the decision, the PFAR will not come into effect.

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Europe: The Central Bank of Ireland Continues to Focus on Financial Stability

By: Shane Geraghty, Michelle Lloyd, and Ruth Hennessy

The Central Bank of Ireland has announced this week that they will publish a feedback statement on their approach to macroprudential policy for investment funds, we expect in the coming months.

They issued a discussion paper on this topic late last year. The European Commission also released a targeted consultation on macroprudential policies for non-bank financial intermediaries on 22 May 2024.

The Central Bank’s announcement follows hot on the heels of its publication of a macroprudential policy framework for Irish-authorised GBP-denominated liability driven investment funds, as discussed here.

At the Central Bank’s recent Macroprudential Policy for Investment Funds Conference, the Governor of the Central Bank, Gabriel Makhlouf, indicated that a macroprudential framework for investment funds should not be a replication of the banking framework and should have:

  • A well-articulated set of objectives and principles; and
  • A framework tailored to the nature of the systemic risk from different fund cohorts – i.e. not a
    ‘one-size-fits-all approach’.

Governor Makhlouf noted that the objective is to ensure that this growing segment of the financial sector becomes more resilient and less likely to amplify adverse shocks.

The Central Bank of Ireland Introduces Macroprudential Measures to Irish-Authorised GBP-Denominated Liability Driven Investment Funds

By: Shane Geraghty, Michelle Lloyd, and Ruth Hennessy

The Central Bank of Ireland has introduced a macroprudential policy framework for Irish-authorised GBP-denominated liability driven investment funds (LDI Funds), to make them more resilient to shocks to UK interest rates.

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AML Reforms Part 2: Digital Currency Service Providers

By: Daniel Knight and Kithmin Ranamukhaarachchi

The Australian Attorney-General’s Department (Department) has released five consultation papers outlining proposals for extensive reforms to Australia’s anti-money laundering and counter-terrorism financing (AML/CTF) regime.

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NFA Announces Effective Date for New Compliance Rule 2-52 and Related Guidance Re: Member Questionnaire

By: Clifford C. Histed, Cheryl L. Issac, Matthew J. Rogers, and Wiley F. Cole

On 20 May 2024, the National Futures Association (NFA) announced that its recently finalized Compliance Rule 2-52, related Interpretive Notice 9082 and amended Bylaw 301 will go into effect on 15 October 2024. NFA members will be required to submit their Member Questionnaire (formerly, the Annual Questionnaire) at least annually, and sometimes more frequently, as required by the NFA. If an NFA member’s business operations materially change rendering previously provided information inaccurate or incomplete, the NFA member will be required promptly to update its Member Questionnaire. While NFA members may use their discretion to determine what constitutes a material change, Interpretive Notice 9082 provides illustrative guidance on this point.

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SEC Adopts Enhanced Privacy Safeguards

By: Rich Kerr, Sasha Burstein, and Brian Doyle-Wenger

On 16 May 2024, the US Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) adopted amendments to Regulation S-P’s safeguards and disposal rules. The amendments are designed to address the expanded use of technology and corresponding risks that have emerged since the original adoption of Regulation S-P in 2000. The amendments expand the scope of information and broaden the number of customers protected under both rules. The safeguards and disposal rule will apply to “customer information”, which includes records that contain “nonpublic personal information” as defined in the existing rule. Additionally, the amended rule expands the applicability of the safeguards rule to include transfer agents, and the disposal rules to include all transfer agents including those registered with appropriate regulatory authorities other than the SEC.

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Europe: UK FCA’s Anti-Greenwashing Rule and Guidance Come Into Force on 31 May 2024

By: Philip Morgan, Andrew Massey, and Omega Modi

An anti-greenwashing rule comes into force in the UK on 31 May 2024. This is the first part of the FCA’s Sustainability Disclosure Requirements.

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Go Ahead and Take a CIP: SEC and Treasury Department Propose New Regulations for Investment Advisors

By: Richard F. Kerr, Jennifer L. Klass, C. Todd Gibson, and Kenneth Holston

On 13 May 2024, the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) and the Department of the US Treasury Department’s Financial Crimes Enforcement Network (FinCEN) jointly proposed rulemaking to implement section 326 of the Uniting and Strengthening America by Providing Appropriate Tools Required to Intercept and Obstruct Terrorism Act of 2001 (CIP Rulemaking), which would require SEC-registered investment advisers (RIAs) and exempt reporting advisers (ERAs) to establish written customer identification programs (CIP).

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