On 26 April, 2023, shortly after the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) proposed rule amendments that would require broker-dealers and investment advisers (collectively, firms) to comply with enhanced compliance requirements relating to sensitive customer information, the SEC’s Division of Examinations (staff) issued a risk alert highlighting the need for firms to have written policies and procedures for safeguarding customer records and information at their branch offices.
Under Regulation S-P, firms must adopt written policies and procedures intended to, among other things, help ensure the security and confidentiality of customer records and information and protect against anticipated threats or hazards to the security or integrity of such records and information. In assessing compliance with this obligation, the staff observed that many firms did not have adequate compliance programs for their branch offices. In particular, the staff observed the following (among other failures and weaknesses):
While firms use vendors to provide certain services (e.g., cybersecurity and technology operations), many did not ensure that branch offices performed proper due diligence and vendor oversight.
Firms lacked policies and procedures addressing branch office email configurations, which in some instances, resulted in account takeover or business email compromise.
Although many maintained data classification policies and procedures, firms did not ensure that branch offices complied with these policies, resulting in a failure to identify and control customer records.
In some cases, password complexity and multi-factor authentication requirements for remote access to firm systems were not required for branch offices, resulting in breaches.
While many firms implemented procedures requiring inventory management, patch management, and vulnerability management, some did not apply these procedures to branch offices, causing them to be prone to compromise.